It is my assertion that Jane Eyre's relevance has been torn down as a feminist novel because Jane ultimately marries Rochester. The role of her marriage in the book's resolution has caused many feminist critics to overlook her highly-charged feminist acts in the Victorian era simply because she chooses to marry. Many literary critics and fellow authors, both contemporary to Bronte and otherwise, have made a point to illustrate the anti-feminist aspects of Jane Eyre.
In, "Reader: Who Wrote you? An Autocritical Exercise Upon Jane Eyre," Michelene Wandor relentlessly insists that Jane's employment at Thornfield and her subsequent marriage to Rochester only serve to exemplify her subservient and meek manner. Wandor states, "Having survived an unhappy childhood, Jane is educated to be a lady- she paints, plays the piano and sings. Not only does her behaviour become impeccably proper, so do her morals. Childish rebellion is followed by social obedience.
Here, Wandor diminishes the spirit of female independence of the book by insinuating that Jane is obedient and nothing more. The fact that she sees her potential marriage to Rochester as immoral and afterwards refuses him, Wandor states, only further illustrates the repression of Jane. This analysis of Jane's behavior overlooks the fact that Jane, on her own free will, decides to reject Rochester and St. John as well.
These acts exhibit Jane's independent and strong-willed nature specifically when compared to Miss Ingram's determination to marry Rochester. Jane's rejection of Rochester illustrates her female independence and not, as Wandor insists, any form of social obedience.
Jane's sentiments to Rochester after refusing to marry him further exemplify the fact that she holds her individuality and morals in a high esteem, above any insinuated subservience. During her rejection of Rochester she states, ""I care for myself. The more solitary, the more friendless, the more unsustained, I am, the more I will respect myself.
I will keep the law given by God, sanctioned by man. I will hold to the principals received by me when I was sane, and not mad- as I am now. Laws and principles are not for the times when there is not temptation: they are for such moments as this, when body and soul rise in mutiny against their rigor; stringent are they; inviolate they shall be"" Bronte This excerpt illustrates not only Jane's strength but her self-focus. The emphasis Jane places on herself exhibits the behavior of a woman not concerned with pleasing others, but one who is concerned with doing what is right for herself.
Not only does Jane Eyre show the struggle of one woman under one man it represents the struggle of women in a male-dominated society. Pavit Singh Mr. In this novel, the author shapes a tough and independent woman who pursues true love and equality. In the Victorian period, the image of "Jane Eyre" cast a sharp contrast to the man-dominated society.
get link She stands for a new lady who has. Jane Eyre was written in a time where the Bildungsroman was a common form of literature.
The importance was that the mid-nineteenth century was, "the age in which women were, for the first time, ranked equally with men as writers within a major genre" Sussman 1. In many of these novels, the themes were the same; the protagonist dealt with the same issues, "search for autonomy and selfhood in opposition to the social constraints placed upon the female, including the demand for marriage" Sussman.
Ladan Abdullahi Feminism in Jane eyre and Wide Sargasso Sea A patriarchal society is a world in which men are the sole decision makers and hold positions of power and the highest authority. Patriarchy occurs when men are dominant, not necessarily in numbers but in their status related to decision making and power.
Charlotte Bronte’s novel Jane Eyre embraces many feminist views in opposition to the Victorian feminine ideal. This novel embodies the ideology of equality between a man and woman in marriage, as well as in society at large. As a feminist writer, Charlotte Bronte created this novel. Free Essay: The belief that women should have equal economic, political and social rights Bronte embedded her feminist ideas into her novel, Jane Eyre.
As a result, women are introduced to a world made by men, and a history refined by a man's actions. As a feminist writer, Charlotte Bronte created this novel to support and spread the idea of an independent woman who works for herself, thinks for herself, and acts of her own accord. Women of the Victorian era were repressed, and had little if any social stature. This is just after Jane has discovered that she is being sent away to Lowood.
I am glad you are no relation of mine: I will never call you aunt again as long as I live? Following this dramatic scene, there are many situations in which her individualism can again be sensed. During her stay at Lowood Jane is emotionally subdued and her personality is in many ways suppressed.
It is not until after Miss Temple, the person that seemed to shine light on the school, leaves that Jane realizes the restrictions that she is under. This example shows her individualism, courage, and will to go out and make a living as an independent woman Yuen. These same characteristics are seen again during the time she works for Mr.
This is first seen in chapter 13 and 14 during her first days knowing Rochester.
He treats her in a condescending manner, and is quite rude and disrespectful, insulting her piano playing, art, knowledge, and even her looks. In many ways he treats her as he would treat one of his servants. Jane replies to him with wit and sometimes sarcasm, refusing to give into his insulting attacks. You would perhaps think me rude if I inquired in return whether you are a philanthropist?
They seem to have a unique relationship, and Rochester treats Jane increasingly as an equal as it progresses. In the beginning of this relationship it is almost as if Rochester is testing Jane to observe her personality. He sees that she is a unique woman; that she has a strong personality, is quite independent, and that she is not one to take orders like a servant Lamonaca.
As their relationship grows, Jane and Rochester seem to be on increasingly equal footing until their wedding day. Jane, being the individual that she is, defies the social belief that people should stay in their own social class.
Because John just needs this kind of assistant. London: Picador, No definite resolution is ever seen upon whether Bronte meant to judge to sexual placement of that time, however as in many other novels the analysis is left up to the reader and thus will vary from person to person. There are two stages or parts to the relationship between Jane and Mr. Rochester, the author set up a great female image before us: insisting on maintaining an independent personality, pursuing individual freedom, advocating equality of life and being confident in hard conditions. Rochester's are a bit unusual. The first point to be made , when discussing feminist issues is the fact that the concept of gender is usually defined in terms of social performance.
She decides to disregard social policy and follow her heart and intuition. It is at this point that Jane feels she has achieved equality with Rochester Anderson. This sense of equality is lost, however, when Mr. Acceptance would cast her in an inferior position. His respect for her would be lost if she tolerated his deceit Yuen.
Jane believes that equality can only be achieved through honesty, and while he was still married to Bertha, there marriage would be a lie. I must renounce love and idol.