American culture essay fundamentalism written

Fundamentalism and American Culture

In understanding the rise of Fundamentalism at the end of the nineteenth-century one must understand the backdrop from which it arose-nineteenth-century evangelicalism. Conclusion Marsden concludes the book by re-emphasizing his definition of Fundamentalism as a militant anti-modernist conservative force. For Marsden this should be the starting point for defining the movement. Militant anti-modernism applies to all types of Fundamentalism and any definition that goes beyond this must have qualifiers so that false stereotypes are not applied to the wrong group.

As an Evangelical I enjoyed this book as I saw where the mind-set of conservatives and liberals developed. I also learned to what extent my own beliefs were influenced by this movement. I suggest that this book be read alongside another book on the shaping of American Christianity for a full understanding. I would also like to see an analysis of Fundamentalism from a more mainline perspective, although I believe Marsden is objective in this work.

My main qualm with this book is in Part Three. In discussing the peak and soon-to-come fall of Fundamentalism, Marsden tried to put too many ideas into too few words. To keep up with him I had to re-analyze several chapters. However, due to the length of the book already, I can understand his attempt to save space. I would recommend this book to people of all political and religious persuasions so that they may have a fair understanding of this branch of early twentieth-century American religion.

Feb 16, Sarah Greene rated it it was amazing. Marsden's overview of Christianity in American culture starting in the mid s and spanning thru the s is one of the best books I have read so far on the subject. If you want to understand not only some of the controversies surrounding fundamentalism but how in the world we got to where we are now, this is a great place to start. From Pietism, to Revivalism, to the Holiness movement, to fundamentalism and then the 20th century fall out, Marsden covers it all.

He also includes a helpful und Marsden's overview of Christianity in American culture starting in the mid s and spanning thru the s is one of the best books I have read so far on the subject. I definitely recommend this book, especially editions with the essay "Fundamentalism Yesterday and Today" for more follow up info on Christian trends in the 20th century.

Dec 20, Chuck Bonadies rated it really liked it. In Fundamentalism and American Culture, Marsden explores the influences of the fundamentalist movement. The author believes that Ernest Sandeen overstates his case, that fundamentalism is an outgrowth of the millenarian movement. With a much wider root system, fundamentalism was a militant evangelical movement that was fighting battles on two fronts. This book is a good explanation of the roots of fundamentalism. May 22, Alex Stroshine rated it it was amazing Shelves: history , christian-thought-and-culture.

A fundamental book for understanding American fundamentalism and, more broadly, American Christianity and its relationship to the broader culture. The original text covers mostly the period from s but the new expanded edition also offers insights into the evangelicalism and fundamentalism of the late 20th century.

Nov 25, Thomas Reeves rated it it was amazing Shelves: favorites. Important book for Recovering Fundamentalists Sep 03, Scott rated it it was amazing. Jul 28, Janet rated it really liked it. George Marsden first published this book in , but when the book was republished in , he wrote an additional chapter discussing the development of fundamentalism over the preceding twenty-five years, when fundamentalism became a crucial influence on American politics in a way Marsden did not predict 25 years earlier.

The bulk of the book may have been swamped in discussion of what the dean of the Princeton School of Theology thought about post-millenarianism etc, etc , but the concluding George Marsden first published this book in , but when the book was republished in , he wrote an additional chapter discussing the development of fundamentalism over the preceding twenty-five years, when fundamentalism became a crucial influence on American politics in a way Marsden did not predict 25 years earlier. The bulk of the book may have been swamped in discussion of what the dean of the Princeton School of Theology thought about post-millenarianism etc, etc , but the concluding chapter of the original edition was a cogent and perceptive discussion of the historical and theological milieu in the US which provided fertile ground for fundamentalism, and his essay was also excellent.

Feb 15, James Ruley rated it really liked it Shelves: church-history , religious , history-biography. In this work, Marsden clearly and persuasively evaluates the development of fundamentalism at the turn of the 20th century. Marsden does a good job identifying the different strands of fundamentalism, while still presenting cohesive statements and arguments about the movement as a whole.

His concluding remarks about fundament In this work, Marsden clearly and persuasively evaluates the development of fundamentalism at the turn of the 20th century.

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Cultural Culture And American Culture. american culture essay fundamentalism written. To better understand and identify the rest of the world of the US stance. Marsden, George M. Fundamentalism and American Culture. Larson's book makes it possible to write a history of fundamentalism that could.

His concluding remarks about fundamentalism throughout the rest of the century are also timely and helpful. An excellent resource. Jul 09, Jeremy Canipe rated it it was amazing. In this important study, historian George Marsden provided a nuanced and complex explanation for the roots and rise of fundamentalism as a part of the spectrum of American evangelical Christianity in the years after World War I. Marsden began by tracing the broad outlines of American Christianity in the 19th century.

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He considered both northern and southern white Protestant Christianity, ranging from Methodism, to Baptists, to Presbyterians, to German-rooted American Christian denomin In this important study, historian George Marsden provided a nuanced and complex explanation for the roots and rise of fundamentalism as a part of the spectrum of American evangelical Christianity in the years after World War I. He considered both northern and southern white Protestant Christianity, ranging from Methodism, to Baptists, to Presbyterians, to German-rooted American Christian denominations.

He also put these various traditions in their contexts alongside broader cultural and intellectual traditions. Most interesting perhaps to this reader was the identification of a view of science as being properly understood in line with the empirical and categorizing methods of Francis Bacon versus the theoretical ideas of Charles Darwin.

Marsden argued that fundamentalism was a sub-part of American evangelical Christianity which emerged in the urban north, not the rural south. The rub came from the impact of so-called "higher criticism" on orthodox views of the Bible in northern seminaries and the similar impact from the acceptance in some quarters of evolution. Still, those who rejected these new ideas still did not reject the idea of seeking to reform society. In this regard, I was interested in his suggestion that persons who held to a pre-millennial view of the end times were more likely to think that the character of American and human society was more perfectible, whereas he argued that the idea a pre-millennium rapture tended to produce a more negative view of human society, and thus a reluctance of focus on social conditions in addition to the crucial focus on evangelism and missions.

According to Marsden, the critical years occurred during and shortly after World War One. Those evangelicals who came to link German militarism with German's higher criticism of the Bible and more wide-spread acceptance of evolution, and who saw the impacts of these trends which were only then hitting America's cultural shores tended to become fundamentalists. In this time, this movement was more influential in rural America and in the American south.

A very thought-provoking book and well worth your time to read. Nov 06, Stephie Williams rated it really liked it. The book provides an historical look at fundamentalism starting from its roots in nineteenth century religious claims: premillennialism, the holiness tradition, evangelicalism personal relationship with Jesus , and biblical inerrancy. Then it goes on to the forming of The Fundamentals and the attempt of the fundamentalist to take over the mainline churches, and their failure in that endeavor. Finally it provides a look at it's more recent development.

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Mardsen's approach is strictly from an hist The book provides an historical look at fundamentalism starting from its roots in nineteenth century religious claims: premillennialism, the holiness tradition, evangelicalism personal relationship with Jesus , and biblical inerrancy. Mardsen's approach is strictly from an historical viewpoint. He provides no actual examination of the truth of the fundamentalist's claims. This has its benefits. One is that it provides a uncluttered presentation of fundamentalism's sources and development.

Personally, I might have preferred a critical approach of fundamentalism's beliefs, but found that preference did not detract from the books usefulness in understanding the what and how of this most American religious belief system, even though some of the ideas were circling in England at the time, or previously. I found the book to be of value in my understanding of fundalmentalism.

So, I recommend it for anybody wanting to understand this important movement of American religious culture. An aside to this book is my belief that when people refer to religious fundamentalism and it's violence in religious terrorism, they really mean radicalism. For I also belief that most fundamentalist are not violent people, although they do pose real and damaging effects on society. This radicalism is seen in all religions.

This includes christians abortion clinic bombings and buddhists who are often claimed to be a peaceful bunch. Apr 03, Sam Hoel rated it really liked it. Like many scholarly works, this book suffers from a bit of wordiness and a certain hesitancy to create a "big picture" narrative for fear of leaving something out.

That can be frustrating if you aren't familiar with the subject the fundamentalist clash with Christian liberalism from , but despite these shortcomings, this book has a lot to offer. It's a fascinating slice of American history that Marsden covers, and his deep and scholarly understanding of Protestant Christianity in Amer Like many scholarly works, this book suffers from a bit of wordiness and a certain hesitancy to create a "big picture" narrative for fear of leaving something out.

Nativism and fundamentalism in the 1920s

It's a fascinating slice of American history that Marsden covers, and his deep and scholarly understanding of Protestant Christianity in America makes him the ideal interpreter. Importantly, Marsden often lets the sources talk for themselves. The voices of early 20th century leaders such as J. Gresham Machen "The church is perishing today for the lack of thinking, not through an excess of it" or William Jennings Bryan "if we will try to live up to that which we can understand, we will be kept so busy doing good that we will not have time to worry about the things we do not understand" , come through loud and clear, and as a result the book portrays the clash between liberalism and fundamentalism as it appeared to Christians at the time.

The themes of the controversy were sweepingly dramatic: intellectualism versus anti-intellectualism, science versus religion, education versus ignorance, absolute truth versus social adjustment.

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It may come as a surprise to some that the battleground has shifted little in the past hundred years. May 23, Phillip rated it really liked it. An excellent discussion of the development of fundamentalism in the nineteenth century through the Scopes Trail of Not really intended as a popular history, it nevertheless is an approachable book, especially for anyone from one of the religious traditions that he traces, which include the battles and splits among the Presbyterians and Baptists, along with helpful discussions on Christian and Missionary Alliance, Missouri Synod Lutheranism, and the Evangelical Free church among many others An excellent discussion of the development of fundamentalism in the nineteenth century through the Scopes Trail of Not really intended as a popular history, it nevertheless is an approachable book, especially for anyone from one of the religious traditions that he traces, which include the battles and splits among the Presbyterians and Baptists, along with helpful discussions on Christian and Missionary Alliance, Missouri Synod Lutheranism, and the Evangelical Free church among many others.

The essay included at the end of the second edition on Fundamentalism as it developed after the Scopes Trial to become a major cultural and political force in the modern world is succinct and insightful. Written in , it does a nice job of tracing the development of the "Moral Majority" in the s while highlighting the important similarities and differences between the modern form of Fundamentalism and its s antecedent. The two-page discussion of the relationship between history and Christianity is too brief--I found it suggestive, but ultimately it raised many more questions than it answered.

Defining American Culture

If you are interested in this topic, it is unlikely that you will leave satisfied with his discussion. Perhaps he addresses this in greater detail elsewhere? Over all, this is well worth your time if you have any interest in the topic. By using the issue of race as the means of judging, people tend to generate deep-rooted stereotypes among people.

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Today, racism has been normalized to the extent that people perceive racism as a non-issue. For instance, in mainstream media such as television, it has become common for filmmakers to use racial stereotypes in their programs and yet command big audiences as well as earn huge salaries. This has the implication that the mass media needs to do much before it is considered color blind.

enter In the corporate world, the situation is the same where there are a few blacks and outsiders who are represented in marketing and business departments in organizations. Few minorities such as blacks are employed as agents, concert promoters, retailers, distributors and managers of recording labels in the entertainment industry Algranati These statistics point to the reality of racism in the contemporary world despite the obvious thinking by most people that it is not in existence.

In the book The Reluctant Fundamentalist, the author, Hamid, right from the first page demonstrates how people tend to judge others based on how they dress, their skin color, as well as their mannerisms Davis It is the behavior of Americans whom he considers racists that shape the attitudes and impressions that Changez has in the United States. However, they still perceive him as being an outsider in America. Later on, as Changez travels to other countries such as the Greece, he experiences subtle forms of racism.